Norway has hunting and fishing traditions dating back thousands of years. Nature has been kind to Norway, giving it a coastline extending to a
length of more than 83,000 km, including islands. More than 200
different species of fish and shellfish ihabit Norway´s coastal waters. Norway is also a pioneering nation in the development of modern aquaculture. There are fish farms located along the entire coast, and fish farming has become one of Norway´s largest industries.
The Norwegian fisheries and aquaculture industry is currently one of the world´s largest exporters of seafood, and in recent years just over 3 million tonnes of fish and seafood have been harvested from the sea each year.
Namsen Salmon Aquarium located in the municipality of Grong. With the famous salmon river Namsen as neighbors. The aquarium is situated at the mighty Fiskumfoss. Namsen is the queen of salmon rivers. In salmon studio you can see the salmon walk in one of Europe´s longest salmon ladders.
Anyone over 16 years of age fishing for sea char,
salmon, sea trout, or inland fish, must pay an annual fee. Fishing in
the sea or in the fjords is free of charge. The fee is paid by bill
form obtainable from Post Offices. Special inland and crayfish fishing
licences are available for couples and children aged between 16 and 20
A local fishing licence - the price of which varies
regionally - must also be purchased. Licences are sold at sports
suppliers, tourist offices, hotels and campsites etc. A licence usually applies to a certain area.
Many kinds of fish - many challenges. There are sport fishing records regarding 87 different salt water fish in Norway and many of these fish can be found along the coast of Norway.
Information about many different species living along the Norwegian coast. As we say in Norway "Skitt fiske !"
There are few tastes which compare with the flavor of Norwegian Salmon or
Ocean Trout. This delicacy is keenly appreciated by international chefs
and gourmets who relish its delicate color and fine texture. By having
a rigid enforcement of their cold, clear coastal waters, the Norwegians
have succeeded in producing a superior quality salmon. No longer wild
Aqua culture, the farming of seafood, has virtually eliminated the
seasonal fluctuations in salmon harvesting. Whereas fresh wild salmon
is only available for a few months of the year, Atlantic salmon and
Ocean trout can be harvested daily.
tradition of flyfishing in the sea is based on the seatrout in the
spring, summer and in the autumn, and still most of the sea-going
flyfishermen is after this Queen of fishes. During the last years it
has become usual to practice this kind of fishing all year round. The
most used places for sea-trout fishing is in more or less brackish
The sea-trout seems to be wandering between river
outlets/brackish areas and more salty areas continuously all year
round. At temperatures bellow 10 C the sea-trout is often found near
the beach whilst it tends to be moving out as temperatures rise in the
Stays mainly near the sea bottom, where the cod lives off what it can find
there or it moves higher up in the sea among the prey fish such as
herring and coley. Total depth variation is from the surface to 150
metres deep. Cod is omnivorous and is best fished with a jig, hanger
(hooks with action plastics) and bait. Cod spawns in the spring when
the water keeps approximately 5 degrees. The sport fishing record in
Norway is 37,5 kilos.
The Saithe (Sei) stock in Norwegian waters is usually divided into two
groups, living north and south respectively of 62 degrees N latitude.
Both of the stocks have remained at a relatively stable level. Saithe
is both a pelagic fish and a bottom-dwelling fish, living at depths of
between 0 and 300 metres. It swims in shoals, which can be enormous
where there is plenty of food.
The Monkfish or Anglerfish, (Breiflabb) can easily be recognised by its
huge head, which constitutes half its entire length. Monkfish are found
in tidal waters and down to depths of 600 metres, but during spawning
season in the spring, they may go as deep as 2500 metres.
generally spawn in the waters to the West of the British Isles. In the
past, monkfish was only caught as a bycatch in Norway, but more
recently, commercial fisheries have started targeting monkfish.
Stays freely in the sea and near the bottom but not any deeper than 30
meters. It eats other fish and some crawfish. Pollack is best fished
with colourful hangers as jigs, rubber worms and flies. Pollack spawns
in the early summer when the water is warm. The sport fishing record in
Norway is 13,7 kilos.
Char (Røye) is the name given to farmed Norwegian Char. Thousands of
years ago, when the polar ice cap receded from our land area, Arctic
Char had already adapted to the harsh, cold, challenging environment of
The fish had developed a migratory pattern in
which it alternated between the fresh water of rivers and lakes and the
salt water of the sea. In addition to being Norway´s oldest freshwater
fish, Arctic Char is also the one that lives the farthest north.
The most renown fish in southern Norway is probably mackerel, and it
improves throughout the summer. Mackerel can be willing to bite and
often provides large hauls. Fishing for sea trout can be challenging in
the spring and summer.
are three species of redfish (Uer) in Norwegian waters. Those that are
sold commercially are usually common redfish (Sebastes marinus) and
rosefish (Sebastes mentella), whereas Norway redfish (Sebastes
viviparus) is too small (max 32 cm) to be sold commercially.
are found along the edge of the continental slope at depths of 100 to
500 metres, although individual specimens have been caught at depths of
up to 900 metres. In the Norwegian Sea, redfish are pelagic fish. The
three species have different dispersals, which overlap each other.
prawns (Reke) are found in the fjords, offshore banks and in the Arctic
regions. The pink deep-water prawn is the most common prawn in most
catches. Deep-water prawns thrive in cold water and occasionally
disappear altogether from known shrimping fields in the south of Norway
if the water temperature gets too high.
RED KING CRAB
Red King Crab is a valuable resource, but as a non-native species,
great care is taken in Norway to prevent it from dispersing to new
areas. Thus, one of the main objectives of the management of the Red King Crab is to limit the stock as much as possible west of 26 degree E longitude (the North Cape).
Plaice (Rødspette) is a flatfish that has its eyes on the right side, and
smooth grey or brown skin with numerous characteristic red spots. The
species is common in the North Sea from the intertidal zone down to
depths of 250 metres.
(Piggvar) is a member of the Scophthalmidae family of flatfish and is
almost completely circular. Turbot has both its eyes on its left side
and has large, bony knots on its dark eyed side. It lives in the
intertidal zone and down to depths of approximately 80 metres.
stays near the bottom at a depth between 30 to 130 meters. Here, it
lives on shell, worms, starfish, roe and small fish. It is best fished
near the bottom with a combination of bait and hanger. Haddock spawns
in spring when the water is at 6 degrees. The sport fishing record in
Norway is 6,04 kilos.
is a bit of a challenge for the sports fishermen. It stays on the
bottom at depths between 70 and all the way down to 800 meters. It
bites both on bait and jigs on the bottom. Halibut lives of other fish.
It spawns in mid winter. The sport fishing record in Norway is 113,9
halibut is an Arctic fish that is not found in water warmer than 4
degree C. It is similar to Atlantic halibut, but its blind side is a
little lighter than its eyed side. The spawning grounds for Greenland
halibut extend along the edge of the continental shelf between
Vesterålen and Spitsbergen.
The lobster is one of the largest crustaceans found in Norwegian
waters. However, it grows very slowly, roughly 2-3 cm per year, and the
females only reach maturity when they are about 23 cm long. Lobsters
only thrive in shallow waters, down to depths of 40 metres, with rock
or stony beds where they can find plenty of good hiding places.
In Norwegian mussel farming, the blue mussel is the dominating species. The blue mussel can be found along the entire coast of Norway. It is often found in the tidal water zone, where it can dominate both in numbers and production. The blue mussel has a high tolerance for varying environmental conditions and its natural extensiveness is often regulated by biological factors such as predation and competition.
Edible crab are found along the Norwegian coast from the Swedish border to Troms county, and an increasing by-catch of the species in gillnets indicates that the resource is spreading northwards. The stock is supporting a growing fishery. Their spawning grounds are relatively sheltered sandy bottoms, while adult males, settling juveniles and nursery grounds are found in rocky areas exposed to the open sea. The main crab fishery takes place in shoal waters from the outer skerries, some 10-25 nautical miles from the coastline, to the fjords. In mid-Norway and Helgeland, the peak crab fishing season is from August to November. Some 75% of Norwegian landings of edible crab are from these regions, with nearly 90% of the landings going to processing factories.
stays from 40 to 400 meters deep and lives on Norwegian prawns, crabs
and other fish on the bottom. The bait must therefore be placed on the
bottom. Ling spawns when the water is between 6 and 10 degrees. The
sport fishing record in Norway is 37,2 kilos.
too on the bottom between 100 and 450 metres deep. Here, it feeds on
Norwegian prawns, crabs and other demersal fish. Tusk spawns in spring.
The sport fishing record in Norway is 16,05 kilos.
stays near the bottom at a depth between 15 and 100 meters, where it
lives off small fish and crawfish. The bait should stay just above the
bottom. Whiting spawns in spring. The sport fishing record in Norway is
coalfish is perhaps even more likely to be accidentally caught when
fishing sea-trout than what has been told about the cod. It is often
moving closer to the surface than cod, especially during summer, and
coalfish caught accidentally during summer months tend to be bigger
than the cod. Bigger by no means carry any suggestion that this fish is
more tasty than the cod.
Coley can be found down to 80 metres. It moves freely in the sea and lives on small crawfish, krill, and small fish.
Coley is best fished with a jig and hanger.
Spawns in the late winter when the water is approximately 7 degrees. The sport fishing record in Norway is 22,7 kilos.
Catfish stays near the bottom at a depth between 10 and 120 meters. It lives of crabs, crawfish, sea urchin and mussels.
It is best fished with a combination of jig and bait on the bottom.
Spawning occurs in late winter. The sport fishing record in Norway is
is a typical demersal fish that lives on worms, snails and small fish
down to a depth of 150 meters. It is mostly fished with bait on the
bottom. Flounder spawns in spring. The sport fishing record in Norway
is plaice at 5,17 kilos, fluke at 2,37 kilos and turbot at 15 kilos.
SOME SALMON RIVERS
MØRE & ROMSDAL
SOGN & FJORDANE
Salmon River Senja
The fisheries at Lofoten has been the basic occupation for people living here since times unknown.