main principles of the Constitution were founded, for the most part, on
the same ideals expressed in the constitutions of the United States of
America (1776) and of the French Republic (1791, 1793, 1795).
Norway was united as a kingdom (900 - 1030 AD), the first lagtings were
constituted as superior regional assemblies. These were representative
assemblies at which delegates from the various districts in each region
met to award legal judgments and pass laws.
The first germs of
democratic evolution appeared in matters of law. The ancient regional
assemblies - Frostating, Gulating and Eidsivating - were eventually
joined into a single jurisdiction, and King Magnus Lagabøte had
the existing body of law put into writing (1263-80). This compilation
of codified law which applied throughout the realm was exceptional for
its time, and remained in force until Frederik III, king of the
Danish-Norwegian union, promulgated absolute monarchy in 1660. This was
codified in the King Act of 1665 which functioned as the constitution
of the Union of Denmark-Norway until 1814.
In 1807, Sweden, Denmark and Norway were swept up into the Napoleonic
Wars which raged in full force on the Continent, with Denmark-Norway
and Sweden on opposite sides of the conflict. Napoleon´s defeat in
Russia in 1812 was the beginning of the end for the emperor and for the
Union of Denmark-Norway. Sweden sided with Napoleon"s adversaries, and
the Allies promised the successor to the Swedish throne, Karl XIV
Johan, Norway if he joined them in subduing France.
the decisive victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in October
1813, Karl XIV Johan hurried north to inflict a final defeat on
Denmark. Frederik VI of Denmark yielded quickly, and on 14 January 1814
he signed the Treaty of Kiel, ceding Norway to the King of Sweden. The
Danish Crown Prince Christian Frederik, who came to Norway in May 1813
as vice regent, played a prominent role in the drama which subsequently
unfolded in 1814.
He repudiated the Treaty of Kiel, and on 16
February 1814, called together the most influential men in Norway to an
assembly at Eidsvoll, the purpose of which was to discuss Norway´s
future. At this assembly, Christian Frederik was dissuaded from his
original intention to assert his hereditary title to the throne of
Norway and have himself acclaimed king.
The delegates to this
assembly called for a liberal constitution and a new king to be chosen
by the people. They decided that the people should elect deputies to a
constituent national assembly. The idea of the sovereignty of the
people had prevailed. Christian Frederik was to govern the country for
the time being as regent.
Of the 112 representatives to the Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll,
25 represented the towns, 33 represented the army and navy, and 54
represented the rural districts (amt). By occupation they included 37
landowning farmers, 13 merchants, 5 industrialists and 57 government
officials. Due to its remoteness and the shortness of time, northern
Norway was not represented.
The assembly celebrated Easter Sunday together on 10 April 1814, and
the following day, the Prince Regent convened the Constituent Assembly.
The assembly had to work swiftly in order to draft and adopt a national
constitution before the Great Powers stepped in.
THE MEMBERS OF THE PARLIAMENT
A The Labour Party
FrP The Progress Party
H The Conservative Party
SV The Socialist Left Party
Krf The Christian Democratic Party
Sp The Centre Party
V The Liberals
Stoltenberg´s second government succeeds Bondevik´s government
Following the resignation submitted by Kjell Magne Bondevik´s
second government in the extraordinary session of the Council of State
on 14 October, the King in the Council´s session at 11 am today
accepted the resignation as of 1 pm today. At the same time, the King
appointed Jens Stoltenberg´s second government to take over at 1 pm
|THE PRIME MINISTER
Prime Minister is the most senior member of the Government, responsible
for coordinating and leading the work of the Government.
The title "statsminister" (literally "minister of state") was adopted
in 1814, following the Swedish pattern.
Jens Stoltenberg´s second government was appointed by the King
in a session of the Council of State on 17 October 2005. It is a
majority government representing the Labour Party, the Socialist Left
Party and the Centre Party.
THE CONSTITUTION DAY 17 MAY 1814
On Tuesday the 17th of
May, the constitution was signed and sealed. On the same day, Christian
Frederik was elected King of a free, sovereign and independent Norway -
unanimously, though 16 delegates expressed some reservations. On 19
May, the newly-elected King presented himself to the Constituent
Assembly and swore an oath on the Constitution. The Constituent
Assembly held its last meeting the following day, and in closing, all
the delegates joined hands and raised their voices with the cry,
"United and faithful until the Mountains of Dovre should crumble!".
With this, Norway had established its Constitution and founded its national assembly - the Storting.
THE UNION WITH SWEDEN (1814 - 1905)
declared Norway as a free, sovereign and independent country, the
Norwegians were dependent on the acceptance from the major power in
Europe, Great Britain. In spite of intense Norwegian diplomatic
activity towards the British government, Britain stood by its former
allied, Sweden, and the Treaty of Kiel. Karl XIV Johan of Sweden
invaded Norway in the summer of 1814 and the Norwegian had to settle
for a peace treaty accepting a union with Sweden under the Swedish
king. Norway was to keep its new constitution (with some amendments)
and a Norwegian parliament. The Swedish king appointed his Norwegian
There was to be a continuous struggle for power
between the Norwegian parliament and the Swedish king for the duration
of the union. The union was dissolved in 1905.
THE MOST IMPORTANT POWERS OF THE STORTING
To pass new laws and amend or repeal the exisiting ones
To adopt the Fiscal Budget, i.e. to fix the annual revenues (taxes, charges, etc.) and expenditures of the State
authorize plans and guidelines for the activities of the State through
discussions of political issues of more general character (such as
foreign policy), to take a stand on plans for reform, to approve major
projects and so forth
VISIT THE NORWEGIAN PARLIAMENT
There are guided tours three times a day during summer, except Saturday and Sunday, from June 20 to September 2.
The tours start at the following hours:
10.00 am 11.30 am 1.00 pm
There is no need to book in advance.
Guided tours will be arranged every Saturday from 10 September to 10
December 2005 (except 1 October), from 7 January to 8 April and from 22
April to 10 June 2006 (except 3 June).
The tours start at the following hours:
10.00 am 11.30 am 1.00 pm
There is no need to book in advance. Public entrance: Karl Johansg. 22. There is maximum of 30 people in each guided tour.