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Trondheim


Trondheim in Norway Trondheim municipality coat of arms

Population:
176.348

Areal:
342,2 km2


Trondheim Local Directory


Accommodation, Businesses and more pictures from Trondheim

Trondheim was Norway´s first Capital, founded by King Olav Tryggvason in 997. Trondheim holds a special place in Norwegian history and culture. Trondheim municipality extending over 342,2 km2, is the third largest city in Norway and have a population of approximately 177.000 inhabitants.

Trondheim is still the city where new kings receive their ceremonial blessing. Situated by the Trondheimfjord, it is surrounded by lovely forested hills, with the Nidelva river winding through the town. It has been and still is a popular pilgrimage site, an ecclesiastical centre, a regional capital, a centre for commerce and administration – and last, but not least a city of education and research.

When you visit Trondheim, you will notice that the wide meandering loop of the Nidelva river round the city centre, with sections of the old warehouses still intact along its shores, the impressive Nidaros Cathedral, standing slightly apart from the busy part of the town, the wide open streets, the tall column with the statue of Viking King Olav Tryggvason in the centre of the marketplace, the Old Town Bridge with carved gates and wooden railings and footpath. The Coastal Steamer (Hurtigruten) has daily departures at Trondheim.

Trondheim is a city where past and present times live together in harmony. The architecture and the surroundings create a beautiful setting for any outing, should you prefer a guided tour in the Nidaros cathedral or a casual stroll through lovely Bakklandet. The boat trip to historical Munkholmen is a good opportunity to view Trondheim from the seaward side, while the view from Tyholt tower (400 ft/120 metres) gives you an exquisite panorama of the city and its surroundings. Choose between a rich variety of historical sights, museums and art galleries - and look forward to an unforgettable experience, should you prefer a guided tour or a stroll on your own.

NIDAROS CATHEDRAL

The Cathedral serves as the local parish church for inhabitants of downtown Trondheim with divine services given several times each week. Moreover, music recitals in the Cathedral offer sublime listening experiences under the high vaulted arches. The crown jewels or regalia are the symbols of royal power, comprising crowns for the King, the Queen and the royal heir (the Crown Prince crown). Moreover, there is an anointment horn, a sword of the realm, two sceptres and two gold orbs with crosses. The only one of these pieces that was made in Norway is the Crown Prince's crown, which looks like a fairy-tale crown with eight points, ornamented with Norwegian freshwater pearls and coloured stones. The crown jewels were moved to Nidaros Cathedral in 1988, thus indicating the position of the Cathedral as the church for crowning the monarchy in Norway.

ST. OLAV FESTIVAL

Right in the heart of the Trøndelag summer, when daylight still lingers far into the night, the annual church and cultural festival, the St. Olav Festival, is held in Trondheim. There is a rich variety of indoor and outdoor concerts, opera, organ concerts in Nidaros Cathedral, church services, pilgrimages, exhibitions, a historical market, seminars, courses, and many special activities for children.

St. Olav (995-1030) is Norway's national saint and was King from 1015. A viking in his youth, he was baptised in 1013/14 in Rouen and consequently dedicated himself to introducing Christianity to Norway. Churches have been built in his honour over all Europe. He is celebrated by both Catholics and Protestants during the festival. You will find a statue of St. Olav on the west wall of Nidaros Cathedral.

At Stiklestad, the saint-king Olav Haraldson (Olav the Holy) was defeated by the farmers' army during his crusade to christianise the country. Each July, on St.Olav's day, the battle is re-enacted. Several thousand spectators relive the dramatic days of 1030 through a magnificent performance involving actors, choir and orchestra.

COASTAL STEAMER (HURTIGRUTA)

The World´s Most Beautiful Voyage is a voyage like no other. Nothing can compare with it. Nothing about this journey will resemble anything you have ever experienced before. A ticket for the Coastal Steamer is a ticket to the theatre, an 11-day drama in which new acts constantly unfold all around you. See the pictures from the Coastal Steamer taken by one of our passengers.

THE BICYCLE LIFT TRAMPE

So far, Trondheim is the first city in the world with a lift specifically designed for cyclists. The bicycle lift, developed in Trondheim, goes up the steep hill Brubakken near Old Townbridge (Gamle Bybro), and it takes you from the bridge and almost all the way up to the Kristiansten Fort.

THE ARCHBISHOPS PALACE

Erkebispegården is the oldest secular building in Scandinavia. Work on it started in the second half of the 12th century, and it was the Archbishop's residence until the Reformation in 1537. The Archbishop's Palace in Trondheim is one of the best preserved buildings of its type in Europe. After the Reformation, it was the residence of the Danish governors. Later, in about 1700, it was left to the military authorities. The oldest buildings facing the Cathedral are now used for official functions held by the State, county and municipality.

The Archbishop's Palace Museum

Winner of the Norwegian MUSEUM OF THE YEAR award in 1998, the museum is based on two principal elements: original sculptures from Nidaros Cathedral, and archaeological discoveries from the colourful history of the Archbishop's Palace. For example, here you can see the Archbishop's coin workshop exactly as archaeologists found it.

THE CHURCH OF OUR LADY

Vår Frue Kirke in Trondheim was originally erected in the 13th cenhry. It was restored in 1739, but parts of the thick walls of the Church are obviously much older. The Church may be closed to sightseers when services are in progress and holiday leave for church personnel.

HOSPITALKIRKEN and HOSPITALSLØKKA

The area surrounding the old "Trondhjem Hospital". Typical old timber dwellings, most of which have been restored and are occupied by people who prove that city centres can be attractive places to live.

HOME FRONT MUSEUM

One of Norway's oldest museums in the Indre Kongsgard (inner palace) at the Archbishop's Palace. The museum shows the development of the army from Viking times to the present. The Home Front museum focuses on events in Central Norway during World War II. The names of all the people from Central Norway who lost their lives during the war are recorded in a memorial hall.

KRISTIANSTEN FORT

The fort was built after the great city fire in 1681, and now stands guard over the city. It saved the city from conquest by Sweden in 1718. From the fort, there is a spectacular view over Trondheim and its surroundings, the fjord and the mountains. Under German occupation from 1940 to 1945, the fort was used as a place of execution for Norwegian members of the Resistance. A plaque has been erected in their memory.

STIFTSGÅRDEN

Stiftsgården built during 1774 - 78 by the ambitious widow and privy counsellor Cecilie Christine Schøller, is the largest wooden polace in Scandinovia. It was sold to the Norwegian State in 1800, and is today the official royal residence in Trondheim. The guided tours through this Late Baroque building with rich elements of Rococo ond Neo-classisism, give insight into the city's blooming society of the 18th century and the festivities around the coronations and benedictions of the Norwegian kings in Nidaros Cothedral.

RAVNKLOA

At the lower end of Munkegata the city's fish market and the old Ravnkloa clock. Boots to Munkholmen island.

SKANSEN

The remains of Trondheim's defences towards the west, where the city gate used to be. Todoy a park with a good view of the fjord.

MUNKHOLMEN (The Monks Islond)

This was Trondheim's execution ground in ancient times. Benedictine monks built a monastery on the islond very early in the 11th century probably one of the first two monasteries in Scandinavia. In 1658 it was converted into a prison and fort later becoming a customs house. Its most fomous inmate was the Danish Count Peder Griffenfeld who spent 18 years as a convict on the island. Today this is a popular recreational area with good bothing and a restaurant. An exhibition of local handicrahs is on display in what used to be the caretakers house. From 19 May to 2 Sept. Boats deport daily from Ravnkloa every hour.

BAKKLANDET

On the east side of the River Nidelva. Like Hospitalsløkka it has old timber buildings, originally the homes of the working class, now restored, and is a charming mixture of houses and shops.

SUKKERHUSET

Originally built as a sugar refinery in 1752, later a brewery from 1856 to 1984. The Sugar Factory at Kalvskinnet is the oldest factory building in existence in Norway.

WAISENHUSET

A large, beautiful timber building fram 1772, to the west of Nidaros Cathedral.

OLD CITY STREETS

The narrow streets and alleys ("veitene") that were typical of the old Trondheim, now with modern shops and houses.

THE OLD TOWN BRIDGE

Gamle Bybro was first built on this site in 1681. At the same time, Kristiansten Fort was under construction. A sentry and excise house stood at either end af the bridge. The excise house on the west side is still standing and is in use as a kindergarten. The bridge and gates as they now stand were built in 1861 by Carl Adolf Dahl, the municipal officer in charge of public buildings and works.

NEDRE ELVEHAVN

Nedre Elvehavn is located north of Bakklandet, west of Møllenberg and south of Nyhavna. In the late 1990s the borough went through a major renovation, resulting in a new and expensive area close to the city centre with business, shopping, restaurants, pubs and housing.

The area has developed on the site of Ørens Mekaniske Verksted and Trondheims Mekaniske Verksted, a mechanical workshop once the largest employer in Trondheim. The industrial site became disused in the late 1990s and turned into a new high-end area, though some of the original buildings and artifacts have been kept, including a canal and a crane. The area includes the shopping centre Solsiden, a hotel, marina and the Trondheim offices of many companies. Across the street from Nedre Elvehavn is Trondheim Art Academy, part of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Almost all buses running from the east into town stop at Nedre Elvehavn, as does the commuter train service Trønderbanen at Lademoen Station. Nedre Elvehavn is within walking distance of the city center and Trondheim Central Station.

TYHOLT TOWER

Tyholttårnet 120 metres (400 ft) tall tower built by the Telecommunications Authority for modern radio and telecommunications. A popular place to visit, with a spectacular view and a rotating Egon restaurant 74 metres (243 ft) up in the air.

THE WHARVES

The oldest of the wharves along the River Nidelva date back to the 18th century; nevertheless, they still give the impression of the waterfront as it was long before then. On the seafront, towards the canal, we find wharves that were built more recently, in the 19th and 20th centuries.

CHURCH RUINS from THE MIDDLE AGE

During excavation work on the site of the new public library, archeologists found the ruins of what is thought to be Olavskirken, a church which was built in the mid-12th century. Parts of the ruins and a group of well-preserved skeletons from the graveyard can be seen during opening hours in the courtyard between the old and the new library buildings. In the basement of SpareBank 1 Midt-Norge are the ruins of the Gregorius church dating back to the Middle Ages. They were discovered during archeological excavations prior to erecting a new building for the bank. The ruins can be viewed during bank opening hours.

MUSIC

The roots of much of the city's music go back to Nidaros Cathedral's position as a church music centre for virtually 1000 years, a position that has only grown in stature with the newly restored baroque organ. The city regularly, hosts a number of annual music events. In Trondheim you'll also find Norway's only institution offering jazz music instruction on an international level, the jazz studies at the Trøndelag Conservatory of Music.

Trondheim's musicians have reaped great international acclaim, including the Trondheim Symphony Orchestra, Trondheim Solistene, the Cathedral Boys' Choir, the Vertavo Quartet, Tango Consertino, Cantus and Embla. Trondheim also has its own home-grown world-class musicians, such as Arve Tellefsen and Randi Stene. Olavshallen is the city's impressive concert hall boasting excellent acoustics in a number of settings.

NATIONAL MUSEUM of DECORATIVE ARTS

Nordenfjeldske Kunstindustrimuseum has a historical and modern collections of furniture, silver, textiles, and much more. The "Three Women - Three Artists" section features the tapestries of Hannah Ryggen and Synnøve Anker Aurdal, and the glass creations of Benny Motzfeldt. Temporary exhibitions.

TRONDHJEMS MARITIME MUSEUM

Trondhjems Sjøfartmuseum a old penitentiary from 1725 is now a distinctive, quaint museum. The exhibits include models of sailing ships, figureheads, marine instruments and pictures of local sailing ships. The harpoon gun from the whaler The Star I and objects recovered from the frigate The Pearl which sank in 1781 are also exhibited. The museum has a comprehensive archive on ships and captains. Souvenir shop.

NORWEGIAN TELECOM MUSEUM

The first telephones made their appearance in Trondheim way back in 1877. This museum offers interesting exhibits and fascinating pictures and information. This is a hands-on museum, so try making a call yourself using some of the museum pieces.

TRONDHEIM ART GALLERY

The Art Gallery (Kunstmuseum) has a large collection of Norwegian art from around 1800 up to the present. It also has an impressive collection of Danish art and a significant representation of other renowned international artists. Special exhibitions are held throughout the year.

Trondheim Artists Association (Trondhjems Kunstforening). This gallery features Norwegian and international contemporary art. There is also an art shop and the distinctive Café Ni Muser.

RINGVE NATIONAL MUSEUM

Ringve National Museum is the only Norwegian museum specializing in musical instruments from all over the world. The museum is situated at Ringve estate on the historical Lade peninsula. The estate dates back to the 1740s and is built in the style characteristic of the area.

There are two parts to the museum: The main building from the 1860s with its unique interiors is the setting for parts of the collection, mainly in the European tradition. This building can only be visited with one of the museum guides who will demonstrate the instruments and lecture on their use and importance to the history of music. Guided tours in Norwegian, English, German or French.

The second section is a permanent exhibition in what was once the estates barn. This part of the museum can be enjoyed at your own leisure. Light and sound guides you through various historic stations such as "the invention of the piano", "jazz, hot & swing", "music at home", "pop & rock" and "the marching band tradition in Norway". You can learn about the various instrument families, experience traditional instruments from all corners of the world, and hear the special sound of Norwegian folk music instruments. There is even a "hands-on" exhibition with several new instruments you can try yourself, and a music room where you can just relax and listen.

The Museum shop offers a great array of exciting musical gift items. While at the museum take a walk outside in picturesque Ringve Botanical Gardens which surround the museum, or visit "Tordenskiold Kro", a charming café where you can enjoy delicious waffles hot off the iron.

Ringve Botanical Gardens

The Ringve Botanical Gardens are part of the universitys Museum of Natural History and Archaeology (Vitenskapsmuseet). The gardens have been designed to show the relationship between plants. There is a historical herb garden in the Renaissance style, examples of trees from the northern hemisphere, and a park in the English landscape style.

ARVE TELLEFSEN

Arve Tellefsen is a Norwegian violinist. He was born and raised in Trondheim, Norway. He begun his studies at the Music Conservatory of Copenhagen and, in 1959, he had his debut in Universitetets Aula, Oslo. In his long career as a soloist, he has played with many of the world's greatest orchestras and conductors. He has made many recordings and received many awards, including the Harriet Cohen International Music Award.

TRØNDELAG FOLK MUSEUM

Museum of cultural history, with open-air areas and indoor exhibitions. The museum is in a scenic natural setting, and from the ruins of King Sverres medieval castle there is an impressive view over the city and the fjord. The open-air museum will show you how people in Trondheim have lived over the centuries. The large main exhibition "Livsbilder" - "Images of Life" - opens in the new public building in June. It will spirit you into Trøndelags colourful and exciting past, reflecting childhood, youth, adulthood and age in the region during the past century. In the auditorium, you can see a multimedia presentation with magnificent aerial pictures depicting the culture, landscape and industry of Trøndelag.

The museum has more than 60 buildings from Trondheim and the Trøndelag region. In the urban history section, the market square is enclosed by 18th- and 19th-century buildings from the centre of Trondheim. They include a dentists surgery, a post office, and a shop selling groceries and dairy products, where you can buy sweets. Another feature of "Gammelbyen" - "the Old Town" - is the Sverresborg Ski Museum, which tells the story of skiing as a competitive sport and a practical means of transport in Trøndelag.

The rural section shows the development in Trøndelag building styles from the fjord to the mountains, and how people lived in the 18th and 19th centuries in the different country areas. The Haltdalen stave church from 1170 is one of the museums main attractions, in addition to Vikastua, the beautifully ornamented banquet house from Oppdal.

THE POLICE MUSEUM

The Police Museum shows the development of the police force from the 18th century until the present. In addition, articles from the prisons and courts are on display, including the city executioners equipment. The Police Museum also has an outstanding collection from the Occupation period, 1940-1945.

THE MUSUM of NATURAL HISTORY and ARCHAEOLOGY

Vitenskapsmuseet, which is part of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, has exhibits from both cultural and natural history. The archaeological exhibitions include material from the Stone, Bronze and Iron ages, the Viking period, and the Middle Ages, as well as Southern Sami culture. At the medieval exhibition, finds from excavations in central Trondheim are on display. There is a realistic reconstruction of streets and houses that formed part of the old city. An audio-visual presentation provides a dramatised impression of life in medieval times.

The section on church history includes ecclesiastical articles from central Norway, dating from the 13th to the 18th century. The natural history exhibits show the flora and fauna of Norway and the Arctic regions and species from the deep oceans, forests, and mountains. The exhibition on nature and the environment shows Trøndelags flora and fauna. The museum also has temporary exhibitions, both multidisciplinary and specialised, on a variety of subjects.

THE TRAMWAY MUSEUM

Sporveismuseet is located near Munkvoll Station on the Gråkallbanen line. Collection of old Trondheim trams. Photo exhibition and souvenirs. Vintage trams run between St. Olav street (downtown) and Lian. Trondheim is one of the northernmost cities in the world with a tram line.

THE RANHEIM COMMUNITY MUSEUM

The Ranheim community museum (Bydels Museum) is at the Ranheim railway station. The collections show everyday life in a rural community with a large industrial enterprise at its core. Ranheim Paper Mill has its own collection in the museum.

SCIENCE CENTRE

The Science Centre (Midtnordisk Vitensenter) presents natural science and technology in an absorbing, entertaining, hands-on way. Visitors can conduct experiments on the displayed models. The Science Centre offers “hands-on” experiences for the whole family, whatever your age or interests. The Science Centre is located in the city centre at the old Norges Bank building. The building is worth seeing for its own sake, and includes a small banking museum.

TO DRIVE A ELECTRIC CAR IN NORWAY

Among the existing government incentives, all-electric cars are exempt in Norway from the annual road tax, all public parking fees, and toll payments as well as being able to use bus lanes.

Charging points in Trondheim at the moment is 203.

Charging points can be found on street parking, at taxi stands, in parking lots, at places of employment, hotels, airports, shopping centers, convenience shops, fast food restaurants, coffeehouses etc., as well as in driveways and garages.

SPORTS

Trondheim is a sports city. Its citizens participate in great numbers, indeed every third citizen is a member of a sports club. The city has excellent facilities and arenas for all interests and ambitions, from demanding sailing on the Trondheimfjord to championships in our special and quite different version of horseshoes (skotthyll). Football, skiing and handball are especially popular sports with many arenas and top-level athletes. Trondheim's top football club, Rosenborg, is one of the European teams playing in the Champions League. They are playing at Lerkendal Football Ground (artificial/ natural grass)

The Granåsen World Championship skiing arena (winter and summer ski jumping and Nordic skiing), Lade and Strindheim artificial-grass pitches, Leangen Sports and Hockey Arena, Leangen Trouing Track, Nidarøhallen (indoor sports and tennis hall).

FISHING

Fishing possibilities are good in Trondheimsfjord. Here you have great possibilities to really catch big sized cod, saithe, haddock and different kinds of shellfish.

GOLF

Trondheim Golfclub is a golf course with 9 holes and a variation of difficulties. The course lies at Byåsen.

Byneset Golfclub have 2 courses. One with 18 holes and one with 9 holes. Both have a variation of difficulties. The course lies at Spongedal, approximately 20 km from Trondheim City Center.



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