to Telemark County and the weather right now! Telemark County is one out of 19 countys in Norway with a area
of 15.315 km2 and a population of approximately 169.185.
Each County is divided into
different municipality. For Telemark County you will find the name of
the municipality to your "right" (municipality for the whole country is 429) or read a short story given below.
Principal industries are Farming and forestry, industry, trade and commerce, public and private service industries.
to visit: The Telemark Canal, Hotel Dalen the largest wooden building
in Northern Europe, Telemark Summerland in Bø, Patmos Sculpture Paerk
in Sauherad, Henrik Ibsen´s birthplace in Skien, Morgedal, known as the
Cradle of Modern Skiing, Mount Gausta in Tinn the highest mountain in
Telemark a popular winter and summer sports area.
SEE VIDEO WHY YOU SHOULD VISIT US !
Telemark is the "middle
ground" of southern Norway, Iying as it does midway between Eastern,
Southern and Western Norway. Telemark stretches from the smiling
coastline of the Skagerrak to the Hardanger Highlands, a high mountain
plateau that is home to thousands of wild reindeer. The fields, forests
and farmlands of Telemark"s southern and eastern areas are open and
inviting. Farther to the north and west, in districts like Tinn and
Tokke, the uplands with their deep ravines remind one of the wild
mountains of Western Norway.
Starting at the coast, where oak
and lime trees thrive in the mild climate, Telemark´s forests begin
their march inland. Dense, dark and mystical spruce forests cover hill
and dale, giving way to more open pine forests on poorer and drier
ground. Climbing steadily, the larger trees must give way to the peaks
of the highest mountains. And even at this height, there are still
dwarf birches competing for survival with heather and lichen.
of Norway´s counties are dominated by one large, main valley from which
smaller valleys, settlements and clusters of farms spread out. Not so
Telemark. Telemark has hundreds of valleys criss-crossing its
landscape. You"ve no more than climbed one mountain than you have
another valley ahead of you. And you"ve no more than driven into a
valley before you feel it close around you ... only to open just enough
to let you through and on into the next valley.
does have one important factor connecting all its parts, the Telemark
Waterway with its canals and flights of locks. Starting high in the
mountains, rivulets become brooks and then rivers running down the
valleys to empty into lakes. From these the waters rush on, eventually
passing the cities of Skien and Porsgrunn before flowing out into the
Skagerrak salty waves.
Water is of vital importance to Telemark.
Almost at its source high in the mountains, water is harnessed to
provide energy. Dams and conduits transport a steady supply of this
water to turbines in the county"s many electric power plants. This
electric energy is especialy important as a source of heat and light
for the hundreds of thousands of people living in eastern Norway. In
addition, electricity also forms a basis for industrial activity. The
power of water can be used and re-used innumerably. Dams, conduits and
generators have been built at nearly every waterfall that breaks the
even flow of rivers to the sea, in order to utilize the massive force
of the rushing waters.
The sea, the rivers and the lakes are
also important lines of transportation carrying conside rable amounts
of goods. These are first and foremost the finished products for export
and import that are transported over oceans, across the Skagerrak and
in to cities and industrial centers such as Porsgrunn, Skien, Brevik,
Kragerø and Rafnes. But timber is also floated down the canals and
through the locks to woodproces sing plants. The Telemark Canal is the
only waterway in Norway where commercial floating of timber still takes
The Telemark Canal is the only
watercourse in Europe to receive EUROPA NOSTRA´S highest award. The
Canal was awarded the medal in 1994 for restoration and preservation.
The Europeans have given the Canal their seal of approval and deemed it
worth a visit. Never again will canals be built in Norway. It is too
late. These times will not tolerate the pace of the Canal. And besides,
the canal builders are now gone. They disappeared from the face of the
earth - such as other mystical creatures disappeared without trace. But
The Telemark Canal is there. It is there. A long, wet reminder of an
extinct species. The Telemark Canal is one of the souveniers we have
left of a time when people in this country appreciated boats, water,
peace and a steady pace of life. May she remain til the end of time.
Steadily growing number of tourists travel by boat along the unique
Telemark Canal with its many flights of locks. Privately owned small
craft and larger passenger boats alike are lifted all of 72 metres
above sea level, up to the lakes that will carry them more than 100
Several passenger boats now cruise the
waterways between Skien, Notodden and Dalen. Other large lakes have
regularly-scheduled boat services that bring their passengers into
close contact with a fascinating blend of the maritime and the
land-locked. Such apparent opposites can be found in many places and at
short distances from one another in Telemark.
traditional seafaring town of Kragerø. Here tropical plants flourish,
descendents of the seedlings or seed brought home by some local seaman
or another. But a mere hour´s drive away, in Drangedal and along lakes
Nisser and Vråvatn, truly Norwegian high mountain scenery abounds
complete with dwarf birch, heat her and windswept rock-faces. Some of
the richest fruit-producing areas of Norway are found along the shores
of the Norsjø, in Sauherad and Gvarv. The area´s warm summers are
especially well-suited to the intensive cultivation of apples. But
pears, plums, cherries and strawberries also thrive in these warm and
fertile surroundings. And yet, just a few kilometres above these
teeming orchards, chill mountain winds blow all year round, in a
climate so harsh that even moss looses its grip on the rocky crags. And
that is Telemark for you. That much variety, that much contrast.
long as people have lived in the Nordic countries, they have had the
problem of finding something to help them move around in deep snow.
They tried fastening long wooden planks to their feet with leather
straps so as not to sink too far down into the snow. Thus were skis
invented, helping people survive in a harsh climate. The planks, or
skis, bent up at the tips, let people move about swiftly and easily,
and the swiftest began to race each other. Remarkable things began
happening in Telemark in the mid 1850´s.
The ski happy young
people of Morgedal developed a new binding that fastened around the
heel, making skis much easier to steer. Such heel-bindings, a Norwegian
invention, have since won worldwide recognition. Skis were also
improved by being made narrower in the middle - a model that has set
trends in ski making to this day. Telemarks-skis, the Telemark swing
(or "christie") and slalom are all elements native to Telemark. These
show that Morgedal in Telemark can indeed call itself "The cradle of
modern ski sports". And that again is why Morgedal was chosen as the
site for lighting the Olympic Flame for the Winter Games in Oslo 1952,
in Squaw Valley 1960 and in Lillehammer 1994.
from Morgedal and "Snowshoe" Thompson from Tinn
became the legendary pioneers of ski sports in 19th-century North
America. Olav Bjaaland and Hjalmar Johansen were both excellent skiers
from Telemark who
accompanied the Norwegian Polar explorers Roald Amundsen and Fridtjof
Nansen on daring expeditions. And in our day Telemark continues to
foster talented, world-class skiers who complete in sports and
Communications and trade
have been essential to Telemark throughout its history. For thousands
of years, trade routes between Eastern and Western Norway have passed
through Telemark, crossing over the high mountain plateaus and
following the waterways. The importance of theses routes over so long a
period of time was a prime reason for the development of steamer
traffic and the building of the Telemark Canal in the second half of
the past century. From stave churches and trolls to Henrik lbsen and Edvard Munch.
Does he think he can draw trolls, when he´s never
even met one! jeered Kragerø-born artist Theodor Kittelsen
about a colleague. Kittelsen must have met trolls at any rate, at least in his imagination. These huge, clumsy, good-natured beings, so much a
part of the Norwegian national tradition, thrived in Telemark. And
lived on, forever and a day. Or at least long enough for Kittelsen to
draw and paint their likenesses.
certainly long enough to have seen the stave churches, these fantastic
wooden buildings from the 12th and 13th centuries. Most of them were
torn down because they were considered old fashioned and dilapidated.
But two of them are still standing in Telemark, one in Heddal near Notodden and one in Eidsborg near the road between Høydalsmo and Dalen.
Tarred and richly carved, these wooden churches are now considered
Norway"s most important contribution to international architecture.
stone churches still stand in many places in Telemark. Their sturdy
stone walls have withstood time, fire and other hazards. Many such
churches are still in regular use by their local congregations. No
other county in Norway has as many protected wooden buildings of
medieval origin as Telemark. Houses that people have lived in, almost
unchanged, for hundreds of years. The reason they have survived was
often that they were in such good condition, and virtually
maintenance-free, that there was no reason to replace them.
in trolls and other supernatural beings existed alongside Christianity
for hundreds of years. Medieval ballads, songs and tales were told and
retold, passed on from one generation to another, in the isolated
valleys and farms.
Folk songs and folk music survived as people
continued to sing and play their fiddles. For edification - and for
enjoyment. One of the world´s most famous modern dramatists, Henrik
Ibsen, was born in Skien in 1828. There can be no doubt that
some of the inspiration, incidents and names he used derive from
Telemark"s folk tradition and nature.
In honor of this great dramatist, the regional theatre for Telemark and Vestfold counties has been named the Ibsen Theatre.
As is only natural, they do perform Ibsen´s plays in addition to a great
variety of other works, and all presented to the highest artistic
standards. The theatre tours every corner of the two counties, bringing
both traditional and modern drama by local, national and international
play writes to the smallest hamlet. Another theatre venture is the
Grenland Free Theatre in Porsgrunn, which has managed to survive and
grow as an independent troupe without comprising its artistic merit.
impressive cultural traditions and their own growing interest in the
national heritage have drawn artists and folklorists to the county from
the the mid 1800´s until the present. Among them were some of Norway´s
greatest artists - such as Halfdan Egedius, Erik Werenskiold and
Thorvald Erichsen. World-reknowned Edvard Munch found innumerable
subjects for his works during the years he lived in Kragerø, a town he
characterized as the "Gem among our coastal towns". These rich
traditions have been maintained right up to our own time by Henrik
Sørensen and Harald Kihle, who found special inspiration in the area
around Vinje where they did much of their most important work.
impressive number of artists and writers have been born and bred in
Telemark, combining their rich cultural heritage with an eager
acceptance of new impulses. Among the most important of these was
August Cappelen from Ulefoss, who died in 1852 at the early age of 25,
but produced art of lasting value in his short life time.
that I might rove to Telemark, and bide there a summer"s day," was the
dream of poet Per Sivle from Western Norway. For hundreds of years
Telemark was an almost mythological place, remote, isolated. A white
space on the map. And, according to nervous clergymen and bishops on
short pastoral visitations, inhabited by hordes of murderous, barbarian
But quite a lot happened quite quickly and proved
that these myths were only that - myths. During the 1800´s,
transportation in Norway expanded. The people of Telemark had modern
ideas about this too. Passenger service was established between
Kristiania (now Oslo) and Telemarks coastal towns. But it was
Telemark"s large inland lakes that were really tempting to enterprise.
Even before the canals and locks were built, steamboat had been taken
apart and transported in bits up from the coast to the shores of the
lakes. There they were riveted together again and put into service for
carrying farmers and livestock and farm products and stone.
that these boats were sailing the lakes, a stray tourist or two often
sailed along. What did these travellers experience? Deep forests and
smiling countryside, pure, fresh waters and clear air. Cascading
waterfalls and enormous lakes - over 7 procent of the county"s surface
is covered by water. And winding roads up and down the mountainsides,
through narrow valleys, over windswept mountain moors. Tarred log
buildings standing as they had stood for hundred of years, mining
operations, rose-painting and woodcarving, silversmiths and folk
costumes. And not "costumes" that had been re-created for use only on
special occasions but people"s everyday clothing. And salt fish and
potatoes, cured meats and crisp-bread - and porridge, porridge,
The isolation of Telemark has been proven a myth. For
thousands of years people have travelled in and through the county,
across the forests, along the lakes, over the moors. Contact with
western Norway and with Setesdal, eastwards to Kongsberg and Oslo or
between inland villages and Skien and the coast were well established
as far back as history can relate.
The people of Telemark fished
along the coast and sailed to Denmark and even further abroad for
trade. 3000-year-old artifacts made in Germany and nenmark have been
found in Bronze Age graves in Telemark, proving that long-distance
trade must have been carried out for a long time both by land and sea.
Kragerø and Porsgrunn were among Norway´s leading seafare towns during
the days of sail. This meant the existence of the sort of competence
that is not built up overnight, but is the result of generations of
experience. Traditions in shipbuilding were developed that continue to
this day in the form of wooden pleasure craft built according to
time-honored methods - as well as in modern, industrial shipbuilding
activities of the Tangen Yard in Kragerø.
We don"t really know
of any Olav or Kari from Telemark who suddenly invented the tourist
industry. That"s not how things happen. They happen in a far more
everyday fashion, when someone decides, "The mail must get through",
for example. Mail and goods, and the spreading of news and public
announcements all led to the movement of people, such as clergymen
travelling from church to church on Sundays, and tax collectors
collecting taxes and judges making the rounds of a circuit court.
People who had important and often official business to attend did not
find this travelling easy or comfortable, but at least, they felt
entitled to a bed and a meal when evening came. And this in turn led
gradually to the establishment of inns.
Some of these travellers
were genuinely interested in the people, the culture and the landscapes
they met. Many wrote of their journeys, sketched what they saw and
became so interested in all the unusual what they saw and be came so
interested in all the unusual and fascinating detail they observed,
that they often remained longer than their official business made
The first tourist could well have been a tax
collector who found beauty in a rose-painted farmhouse. Thinking that
more important than the confiscation of family silver for the Royal
Taxes, he might well have stayed the extra day or two. That can be the
way it all started - with public officials and ordinary people
travelling about in business, combining their business with the
pleasure of investigating the interesting, the exciting and the quite
exotic. Who would have thought that it was possible to strap on a pair
of skis and then have fun with them? The people of Telemark did. Then
the shcolar arrived to transcribe the age-old folk tales still told by
the old people, or to study the exotic flora growing on sunny
mountainsides, impossibly far inland and unaturally high up. And then
the canals were dug and the locks were built - and then it really
Tourists are everywhere in today´s Telemark. Tourists
who arrive of their own free will, with no other objective than to
experience Telemark. Its inland and alpine ski areas during the winter.
Its coastline and sea, for fishing, sunning and bathing in the summer.
And for boating. Its forests, piny-smelling in the sun, teeming with
life, with an unbelievable variety of plants and animals. Its high
mountain moors in the fall, cleansed by crisp winds, with rein deer,
cloudberres and grouse.
The Industrial Workers´ Museum in
Rjukan. The Blues Festival in Notodden. A visit to Henrik Ibsen´s
childhood home at Venstøp near Skien.
The flights of locks. The sight of timber floating downstream. Bever
safaris. "Treasure hunting" - in closed-down quarries and mines.
Telemark Sommarland in Bø - the
ultimate family entertainment park. Museums and exhibitions showing
collections of art of yesteryear - and of today. Hotels, pensions,
motels and cottage parks, campgrounds, farms with rooms for rent. There
is something to suit every taste and budget. Or you can take ad vantage
of our "public rights" and set up your tent somewhere in the wilderness
- and enjoy the solitude of a night alongside a burbling stream.
Travelling in Telemark is something to dream about provided you do
something about it.
every municipality you will find links to Local Directory. This will give you information ON whats happen localy in the municipality even Job vacancy.
GoNorway will present companies which have challenging job, development and career prospects in their organizations. In every municipality you will find links to companies offer Job opportunity.
The choice of different activities in Norway such as Golf, Skiing, Cycling, Cruising, Fishing, Stave churches etc.
You can see Video from Norway and from all the Countys.
In order that you may get the best out of your visit Norway we recommend that you visit the Tourist Information.